The chiropractic adjustment stimulates the inferior prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, middle temporal gyrus, the action is involved in emotional regulation seen to be the major driver of the stress response.
The middle temporal gyrus and inferior temporal gyrus sub-serve language and semantic memory processing, visual perception, and multimodal sensory integration. This can effect children and the speed at which they learn and use multiple special senses and integrate them
The inferior frontal gyrus has a number of functions including the processing of speech and language in Broca’s area. Neural circuitry has been shown to connect different sites of stimulus to other regions of response including other subdivisions and also other frontal gyri.
The anterior cingulate gyrus is part of the anterior cingulate cortex and is stimulated via the chiropractic adjustment. The anterior cingulate gyrus is the Hub of affect/emotional regulation and limbic system control.
The functions of the anterior cingulate cortex are only starting to be studied extensively due to its involvement in various mental health illnesses. The anterior cingulate cortex is involved in:
- Emotional regulation
- Emotion-based learning
- Discerning the impact of pain on emotion (via the amygdala)
- Anticipation of task
- Autonomic regulation (via the brainstem nuclei)
- Memory (via the hippocampus)
- Reward pathway (via the orbitofrontal cortex).
The activation of anterior cingulate cortex leads to a suppression of the limbic-system response leading to better emotional regulation.
Mental flexibility, cooperation, attention, helps the brain to shift gears, and make transitions in life, Helps the mind to let go of problems and concerns, helps the body to stope ritualistic movements and tics, helps contribute to the brains circuitry that oversees motivation, the social self and personality